Linux kernel was 20 years old!

Today marks the official birthday of Linux. After 5 months of development August 25, 1991 a 21-year-old student, Linus[/t[t:tag slug=linus-torvalds]Linus Torvalds announced in a teleconference comp.os.minix to create a working prototype of a new Linux operating system for which it was noted the completion of bash 1.08 portirovniya and gcc 1.40.

The new kernel has been created under the influence of the operating system MINIX, which did not suit his Linus-exclusive license. Later, when Linux became known project, detractors tried to blame Linus in the direct copying of code some subsystems MINIX. The attack repulsed by Andrew Tanenbaum, author of MINIX, which commissioned one of the students carry out a detailed comparison of the Minix code and first public versions of Linux. The results showed the presence of only four minor matches blocks of code, due to the requirements of POSIX and ANSI C.
Originally planned to be called the kernel, Linus Freax, the words “free”, “freak” and X (Unix). But the name of the Linux kernel was with a light hand Ari Lemke (Ari Lemmke), which, at the request of Linus posted on its core FTP-server, called the archive directory is not “freax” as requested by Torvalds, and “linux”. It is noteworthy that go-getter, William Dello Kroc (William Della Croce) managed to register the Linux trademark and wanted to collect payments over time, but later changed his mind and gave all rights to the trademark to Linus. The official mascot of the Linux kernel, the penguin Tux, was selected through a competition held in 1996. The name stands for Tux Torvalds UniX.

The first public release of the Linux kernel was presented on September 17. 0.0.1 kernel size was 62 KB in compressed form and containing about 10 thousand lines of code (compared to gzip archive nucleus is 3.0 times greater than in 1500 - 92 MB). Personally, Linus Torvalds wrote less than 2% of the entire package of modern kernels. According to a study commissioned by the European Union, the estimated development cost of the project from scratch similar to the Linux kernel would have been more than a billion dollars.

26 August 2011

Microsoft removed Linux from the number of competitors in the market Windows operating systems for personal computers
In the world of Russian Linux matures next scandal

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Andrew Tanenbaum (Andrew Tanenbaum), known as the author of the Minix operating system and popular textbooks on operating systems and networks.
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Andrew Tanenbaum (Andrew Tanenbaum), wie der Autor des Minix-Betriebssystem und beliebten Lehrbücher über Betriebssysteme und Netzwerke bekannt.
• Feminist created a fork of the Linux kernel in response to the categorical statements of Linus Torvalds »»»
After more categorical statements of the author and main developer
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Nach mehr kategorischen Aussagen des Autors und Hauptentwickler des Linux-Kernels
• IBM warns: Linux is useless to attempt to control »»»
Dan Fry (Dan Frye), IBM’s vice president for development of open systems.